The Birthright and the Scepter


The Birthright and the Scepter

An Analysis of the Prophecies of the Scriptures in regard to the Royal Family of Yahudah and the Many Nations of Yisrael, The Lost Ten Tribes.


Ya’aqov (Jacob), he had twelve sons who of course fathered the twelve tribes of Yisrael.

The promises were always given to the birthright son–the firstborn son who inherited the double portion so he could care for his parents in their old age. So far that birthright has passed from Avraham (Abraham) to Yitchaq (Isaac) and to Ya’aqov (Jacob).

It should then have passed to Reuben being the oldest son, but was lost to him when Reuben defiled his father’s bed by sleeping with Ya’aqov’s (Jacob’s) concubine, Bilhah.

Instead it was given to Yoceph (Joseph) as the oldest son of Ya’aqov’s (Jacob’s) other wife, Rachel.

Yoceph (Joseph) had two half Egyptian sons: Manasseh, the eldest, and Ephraiym.

But instead of bestowing the birthright on Manasseh, Ya’aqov (Jacob) crossed his hands so his right hand landed upon the head of Ephraim.

Despite Yoceph’s (Joseph) objections, the prophetic plan of YAHUAH was that Ephraiym would receive the double or larger portion.

The promises made to the brothers were:

Because they were half Egyptian they were adopted as Ya’aqov’s (Jacob’s) own and given his name making them equal with the other twelve sons. In future lists of the tribes, Manasseh and Ephraiym are among them and Ephraiym’s name used interchangeably with Yisrael, Samaria, Ya’aqov (Jacob), and other names for Yisrael.

They were to grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth (GEN. 48:16).

Manasseh was to become a great people.

Ephraiym was to be a MULTITUDE OF NATIONS.

Through them Yisrael was to be blessed (GEN. 48:19-20).


Now Ya’aqov (Jacob) comes to his deathbed with his sons gathered about. Yahudah (Judah) the lion’s whelp was given: the sceptre.

The praise of his brethren, the neck of his enemies, everything royal, including that all the children of Yisrael should bow down to his kingly line.

Why Yahudah (Judah)?

It was a blessing upon him for restraining his brothers from killing Yoceph (Joseph), convincing them instead to sell the boy to the Ishmaelites (GEN. 37:36-3), and later taking responsibility for Benyamin’s (Benjamin’s) safe return, even offering himself as a replacement when Benyamin (Benjamin) faced prison in Egypt. YAHUAH never overlooks even the smallest good deed.

“As the birthright holder, Ya’aqov (Jacob) prophesies about Yoceph (Joseph) that:

he is a fruitful bough whose branches run over a wall;

he has been shot at and hated by archers (his brothers), but YAHUAH made his bow strong;

From him comes the Shepherd, the stone of YISRAEL;

he shall be blessed with offspring.”

There is a crown mentioned, and a separation from his brethren. Yoceph (Joseph) then was to be the father of the promised nations. These abundant blessings were bestowed upon Yoceph (Joseph) for submitting graciously to YAHUAH’s plans for him in Egypt. If he hadn’t, none of Yisrael would have survived the drought in Canaan.

It was prayed over Ruth at her marriage to Boaz that YAHUAH would make her like Rachel and Leah which two did build the house of Yisrael (RUTH 4:11). These sisters comprised two families: Rachel bestowed with the birthright and Leah with the sceptre.

The descendants of both women’s families remained together for a time as one nation: in Goshen; in slavery; in the wilderness; as they crossed the Jordan, drove out the Canaanites, demanded a king; and as subjects under Saul, David, and Shalomah (Solomon). When then they were divided, a son of the royal scepter family remained king over one kingdom, and a son of Yoceph (Joseph), an Ephraimite, became king over the other kingdom. Remember a crown was hinted at among the blessings of Yoceph (Joseph) (GEN. 49:26). Yoceph (Joseph) gained a crown by default because Shalomah (Solomon) broke YAHUAH’s covenant by taking strange wives. Just as no good deed is overlooked by YAHUAH, nor are the bad ones.

Shalomah’s (Solomon’s) son, King Rehoboam of the southern kingdom, sends his tax collector north. The only things he collects are rocks in the head when the people of King Yeroboam up there stone him to death. The division of the two families is declared to be of YAHUAH by the prophet Eliyahu (Elijah) (I KINGS 12:19-24).

The ten – tribe kingdom of the north retains, by YAHUAH’s appointment, the national name of Yisrael. The other kingdom became known as the House of Yahudah (Judah).

This is ironic, for although Yisrael is today yet hidden, it remains Yisrael. Ex-idolators and former apostates, they generally worship YAHUAH and accept their Messiah despite not knowing they are Yisrael (trust me in this for now).

But the Yahudiym (Jews) (Yahudah) (Judah) today, as a race and a nation, knowing their origins, fail to accept their Saviour but call themselves Yisrael!

The separation and independence of the birthright and scepter now complete, one is destined to become many nations, the other to bring forth the Messiah.

Yaroboam made calves to worship, appointed priests not of Levi, devised unholy feast days, and sacrificed to the calves. He and his kingdom were therefore cursed to be uprooted and scattered (I KINGS 14:15-16).


The Levites showed their displeasure at Yaroboam’s idolatrous deeds by leaving the northern kingdom to go to Yahudah (Judah) and Yerushalaiym (Jerusalem). There they joined their fellow Levites and the two other tribes of Yahudah (Judah) and Benyamin (Benjamin) left to Reheboam.


From this point Scripture separates Yahudah (Judah) and Yisrael. Even today they remain separate.

Both kingdoms and their people are called by other names with which we should be familiar if we are to understand prophecy. Yerushalaiym (Jerusalem) and Yahudah (Judah) are used for the Yahudiym (Jews). The people of (the northern kingdom of) Yisrael are NEVER called Yahudiym (Jews) in the Scriptures except by uninformed historians and un-Scriptural commentators of which there are many today, so beware, those interested in religious matters.

The first time Yahudah Judah) is referred to as ‘Jews’ is in II KINGS 16:6 when King Rezin of Syria drove the Yahudiym (Jews) out of Elath and besieged the Yahudiym (Jews) at Yerushalaiym (Jerusalem). Yisrael was with Rezin–the besieger; the Yahudiym (Jews) were the besieged. In point of fact, when these original manuscripts were written, the word Jew had not even been coined. They used ‘Yahudiym’ or ‘Yahudi’. Jews for today’s Yahudiym (Jewish) people was first used in the Middle Ages.

Names used for Yisrael include: Ya’aqov (YER.31:11); Samaria, Yisrael’s permanent capital (HOS. 8:5-6); Ephraiym, as the birthright kingdom (HOS. 7:1); Yoceph (Joseph), as the tribe from which the birthright son sprang (ZECH. 10:6-7); and Rachel, as mother of the birthright son (YER.31:15). HOSHIYAH (HOSEA) 6:4 differentiates between the two nations: O Ephraiym, what shall I do unto thee? O Yahudah, what shall I do unto thee? As does Husha (Hosea) in 5:12:15: Therefore will I be unto Ephraiym as a moth, and to the house of Yahudah as rottenness… There is no way this could refer to Ephraiym and his uncle Yahudah as both had been dead for a thousand years.

When King Rezin and Yisrael was besieging King Ahaz and the Yahudiym (Jews) at Yerushalaiym (Jerusalem), Yesha’yahu (7:8-9) prophesied to Ahaz about Ephraiym’s end: …within threescore and five (65) years shall Ephraiym be broken, that it be not a people. That was in 659 BC (I use the excellent Bible Chronology of Philip Mauro). Ephraiym’s end was in 640 BC. Yerushalaiym (Jerusalem) was taken and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 507 BC, 152 years later. The 65 year span was not when Shalmaneser took the Yisraelites to settle in Assyria long before (II KINGS 18:9-11), but when Esar-haddon later deported and settled Assyrians to Samaria. These deportees later became known as Samaritans.

Yisrael and the Yahudiym (Jews) were the sons of different mothers, half-brothers only. The adoption by Ya’aqov (Jacob) of Ephraiym and Manasseh, because they were half Egyptian, in order to have the birthright conferred upon them is referred to by Paul in ROMANS 9:4: Who are the Yisraelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenant, and the giving of the Law, and the service of YAHUAH, and the promises; At the time of which he writes, both houses were still together, though the adoption refers only to Yoceph’s (Joseph’s) sons, not the Yahudiym (Jews) or Yahudah (Judah). For when was there ever an adoption among them?

So we can see from the above that a Yahudiym (‘Jew’) and ‘the Yahudiym (Jews)’ are not equivalent to an ‘Yisraelite’, ‘Yisrael’, ‘Hebrew’, or ‘Hebraic’. If we fail to comprehend this, prophetic statements will never make sense to us nor agree, not Yesha’yahu, Yirmeyahu, Husha, Yechezq”el, Miykah (MICAH), or the Renewed Covenant (New Testament). The Yahudiym (Jews) did not nor ever could fulfill the promises about Yisrael.

For instance, YAHUAH declared through Miykah that Yisrael was divorced and cast afar off and He would make her a strong nation, but Yahudah would become only a remnant. Other prophets wrote that Yisrael is lost. Yirmeyahu says Yahudah is few in number and a remnant. Yesha’yahu, David, MMiykah, Yirmeyahu, and others declared Yisrael to be the strongest war power on Earth, never to be conquered by the Gentiles. Yet Yirmeyahu declared Yahudah to be ‘without might’. She WILL be conquered by the Gentiles, laments Daniy’el (Daniel).

Which of course she was, in AD 70 by the Romans. AFTER the prophecy of Amoc (Amos) (9:14-15) which says YAHUAH’s people shall be planted and no more pulled up. Are any of my readers getting the clues?

Amidst the blessings and curses of DEUTERONOMY 28, verse 37 has: And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword (a taunt), among all nations whither YAHUAH shall lead thee. The ten northern tribes having become lost with their whereabouts unknown, how could they be taunted? Yet the Yahudiym (Jews) were taunted and persecuted in all the nations whithersoever they tried to settle, and it was for this reason the modern state of Israel was formed. There are many other prophecies like these few.


Long after both Yisrael and Yahudah (Judah) had been taken away, at the return of the Yahudiym (Jews) from Babylon, Zakaryahu prophesies the return of Beauty–Yisrael, and Bands–Yahudah (Judah). He likens them to two broken shepherd’s staffs, referring to their separation. Beauty was cast off first. Then, after YAHUAH in the form of a man, YAHUSHA, is sold for thirty pieces of silver, Bands will be cast off (11:7-14). Yechezq’el (Ezekiel) (37:16-17) speaks of these two sticks, not merely being put together again, but rejoined in such a way they become one stick again: Take thee one stick…For Yahudah, and for the children of Yisrael his companions: then take another stick…For YOCEPH (JOSEPH), the stick of EPHRAIYM, and for all the house of YIsrael his companions: And join them one to another into one stick: and they shall become one in thine hand.

Now we return to the Scripture of YECHEZQ’EL (EZEKIEL) 37:21-24 with which I started this set of posts (see One King Shall Be King to them All). It is then, when the two sticks are made one again (for it has not yet come to pass), that the children of YIsrael will be taken from among the heathen and brought back (Father will GATHER them on every side) into their own land. There they will be one nation in the land upon the mountains of YIsrael with one king…no more two nations…nor two kingdoms…And David His servant shall be king over them. They shall walk in YAHUAH’s judgments, and observe His statutes, under His covenant of peace, with His sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore.

Apart from this day, yet in the future, there is not one word in Scripture to say that the Egypto-Ephraiymite birthright kingdom has ever returned to her former home in Samaria. This is entirely UNLIKE that of the Yahudiym (Jews) returning from Babylon which fills the books of EZRA, NEHEMYAH, HAGGAI, and ZECHARYAH, is spoken of in DANIEL and other books, and the Yahudiym (Jews) being among whom the Gospels are set.

This holy land, their former home, promised to them alone, awaits them. Even the Samaritans deported there were slain by lions until priests were sent for to teach them the ways of YAHUAH and to fear Him. They still, however, committed the former sins of that land – making other gods and sacrificing their children (II KINGS 17:25-41).

Father has made an unconditional promise to Ephraiym, whom He calls His firstborn, that a great company of them shall return thither (Yirmeyahu. 31:8). This is why Rachel is told by Him to cease weeping for her children which she has been doing since 617 BC or so until the present day (Yirmenyahu. 31:15). And where is this thither to which they are to return? To their own border (Yirmeyahu. 31:17). To these thy cities (Yirmeyahu. 31:21). To Samaria. To Ephraiym. To Rachel, Ya’aqov, Yoceph. To YIsrael.

In the historical portions of the New Testament, the ten northern tribes are mentioned only once: of Anna who was of the tribe of Asher (LUKE 2:36). He forebears must have fled the idolatrous north for Yerushalaiym (Jerusalem) back in the days of Yaroboam (II CHRON. 11-16).

Josephus the historian wrote in AD 95 that the ten tribes were beyond the Euphrates and were an immense multitude. Husha (Hosea) (1:10) declares the children of Yisrael shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured or numbered. He further states that they who lost their status as YAHUAH’s people for their idolatry will one day have it said of them: Ye are the sons of the living YAHUAH. This can in no way be said of Yahudah (Judah) for they WERE able to be numbered in order to be taxed by Caesar Augustus (LUKE 2:1).

Yisrael was to be scattered among the nations (EZE. 6:8). Even the Yahudiym (Jews) in YAHUSHA’s day knew this for they asked Him if He would go to these dispersed among the Gentiles (JOHN 7:35). The Pharisees called them this after the prophecies of Ezekiel and Zephanyah had also done so: And I will scatter thee among the heathen, and DISPERSE thee in the countries, and will consume thy filthiness out of thee (EZE. 22:15); From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia My suppliants, even the daughter of My DISPERSED, shall bring Mine offering (ZEPH. 3:10).

Of course the Yahudiym (Jews) of Yisrael today believe these dispersed peoples have already returned to their homeland with the airlifting of the black Ethiopian Yahudiym (Jews), the Russian and Yemeni Yahudiym (Jews), and many others to Yisrael. But these people are all called Yahudiym (Jews), insofar as they practice the religion of Judaism. None of them trace their ancestry back to any of the northern tribes. And unlike the lost Yisraelites, they do know who they are.

There are two further points to be made here. EZEKIEL 37:15-28 telling the full story of these retrieved Yisraelites and the one stick of Yisrael and Yahudah (Judah) has in verse 21 that YAHUAH will GATHER them on every side. This word gather ties this event in with the ‘gathering of the Elect’ during the Great Tribulation (MATT. 24:31). We have seen from previous posts that the Elect are in fact the TWELVE TRIBES or 144,000 of REVELATION 7. Not Yahudiym (Jews) but twelve tribes of YISRAEL.

The last point is that we have as yet failed to find the one king who shall be king to them all. Don’t worry, he is coming and will be revealed. Meanwhile, I have a little detail for you to think about: Are you aware that a picture of David’s harp, which he played to keep King Saul’s demons quiet, has for 2,500 years been a feature in the royal arms of Ireland?

Now why would this be?

What does David have to do with Ireland?

Jeremiah, Ireland, And The Dynasty of King David

You can look it up on Google. I’m not the only one telling this story

Jeremiah, Ireland, And The Dynasty of King David


About the author

Gera'el Toma

A highly esteemed elder in the faith of the Natsarim, the first century believers in Messiah Yahusha, and a treasured member of the Remnant House Team.

Gera'el Toma (Gerald Thomas) is an internationally recognized and respected teacher of the Holy Scriptures as originally written in the Hebrew language.

Add Comment

Leave a Reply

Gera'el Toma

A highly esteemed elder in the faith of the Natsarim, the first century believers in Messiah Yahusha, and a treasured member of the Remnant House Team.

Gera'el Toma (Gerald Thomas) is an internationally recognized and respected teacher of the Holy Scriptures as originally written in the Hebrew language.

Get in touch

Quickly communicate covalent niche markets for maintainable sources. Collaboratively harness resource sucking experiences whereas cost effective meta-services.