King James I of England
James Charles Stuart was the Catholic son of devout Catholic monarch Mary, Queen of Scots and her second husband (also her 1st cousin) Henry Stuart, Duke of Albany also known by his Scottish Parliamentary title “Lord Darnley”. James therefore was born a descendant of Henry VII through his great grandmother Margaret Tudor, elder sister of Henry VIII.
Contrary to deliberately false historical accounts, Mary returned in 1561 from France a popular monarch in ultra-Catholic Scotland at a time when Elizabeth I –after just three years as Queen of England–was attempting to reassert her father’s Protestant movement and stripping powerful Catholic nobles of their lands in favour of loyal Protestant families of lesser rank.
The arrival of Mary in 1561–the former Queen consort of France– would have severely shaken Elizabeth and her Protestant advisers such as Sir Francis Walsingham. As a devout Catholic and legitimate claimant to the throne, Elizabeth would have been too aware of the power of Mary to rally Catholic support in Scotland, England and Ireland to her cause. The birth of James in 1564 through marriage of 1st cousins was a clear and umistakable message that the Catholic Church intended to end the Protestant Church ultimately through a Catholic King with an undeniable pedigree.
To circumvent the plans of Mary, Elizabeth and her advisors hatched a plan and Lord Darnley was murdered in an explosion at Kirk o’ Field, Edinburgh in February 1567. Mary then remarried in May 1567 to James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. In the meantime, Walsingham and his agents had succeeded in circulating rumours amongst the Scottish families that it was James Hepburn who murdered Lord Darnley and that Mary had shown signs of being an unfit mother.
The final part of the plan of Elizabeth and her advisers occured the following month in June 1567 when she nominated the infant James as her heir apparent and Duke of Rothesay and Prince and Great Stewart of Scotland. The Protestant intelligence service of Walsingham supported by Scottish protestant noble families then had Mary arrested, imprisoning her at Loch Leven Castle and forcing her to abdicate in favour of her infant son as James VI of Scotland.
James was then entrusted to the care of the Protestant Earl of Moray and tutored by Protestant historian and writer George Buchanan who is alleged to have repeatedly sexually molested and physically beaten the young Prince for years.
In 1568, Mary escaped from prison, rallying a Catholic army to try and gain the freedom of her son. However, Mary was defeated by the Earl of Moray at the Battle of Langside in the same year–largely through the treachery of the Earl in threatening the life of the young Prince. Contrary to deliberate historical falsities, Mary was captured through this trickery at the actual Battle of Langside–rather than the absurd claim she entered English territory with a minor escort.
In revenge, the Catholics managed to have the Earl of Moray murdered by 1570 and James then witnessed a string of regents, all ultimately meeting similar fates until 1581 when James finally gained control of his own government and promptly had his last regent–James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton executed in June 1581.
Around the same time saw the arrival of Frenchman Esmé Stewart, Sieur d’Aubigny, first cousin of James’s father Lord Darnley (and later made the Earl of Lennox). He quickly became the King’s favourite and it is openly acknowledged by most reputable historians that the Earl and the King were openly lovers at Court.
In response, the Protestant earls of Gowrie and Angus had the King kidnapped in 1583 and imprisoned at Ruthven Castle, forcing the young French Earl to escape back to France. After his release in 1584, James promulgated several laws to re-affirm his control and removed any last influence of Protestant advisors within his inner circle–appointing devout Catholic John Maitland as Lord Chancellor of Scotland (1584-1592) and taking Jesuit William Weston S.J. as his royal confessor.
During this whole period, James continued to petition his “godmother” Elizabeth I for the safe release of his mother Mary. Then in late 1586, Elizabeth convinced James –on threat of losing his heir apparent status to the English throne–to sign the Treaty of Berwick in which James pledged to protect Elizabeth and vice versa and to come to each others aid in the event of attack.
No sooner had the ink dried on the Treaty than Elizabeth had Mary tried for treason and executed in February 1587. James never forgave the treachery of Elizabeth and the Protestant nobles for what they did to his mother–supported by the few words on the subject that have survived history. However, the young Scottish king was forced to support Elizabeth or risk losing everything. That James did not declare war on Elizabeth on the murder of his mother is testament to the strength of Fr. William Weston S.J. his Jesuit counsel.
The Treaty would soon be put to the test with arrival of The Spanish Armada in July 1588 against which James was forced to provide ships to Charles Howard and Francis Drake as well as troops against the expected invasion. Following the victory of the English, James left Scotland for Copenhagen by September 1589 to be officially married to Anne of Denmark, Daughter of Protestant King Frederick II of Denmark. He returned to Scotland the following year around May 1590.
In spite of his marriage and producing children, Elizabeth and her closest advisers remained suspicious of James–on account of his known homosexual tendancies and Catholic views. By 1597, there was the real possibility that James would be removed as the heir apparent by the increasingly ill and old Elizabeth.
In response, thanks to his Jesuit counsel, James “magically” published in quick succession two pamphlets–the first in 1598 being The Trew Law of Free Monarchies–which was pro-Protestant, anti Jesuit and provided a philosophical argument that the right of Kings and Queens in England was divine and equivalent to the Catholic concept of Apostolic Succession. It was quickly followed up in 1599 by the treatise Basilikon Doron (Royal Gift) which espoused the Protestant duties of a King or Queen to their subjects.
The writings worked and in March 1603, Sir Robert Cecil –the most trusted adviser to Elizabeth–arranged the orderly transfer of power from Elizabeth upon her death to James, now King of England (as James I) and Scotland (as James VI). James then bid farewell to his trusted Jesuit confessor and provincial (general) William Weston, who retired to Spain and died in 1615. In his place, Fr. Henry Garnet S.J. was made the new Jesuit provincial (General), but no longer with the privilege of being confessor to the King.
Whatever hope Catholics had in James overturning the oppressive laws of Elizabeth were soon dashed, as King James chose to retain Sir Robert Cecil his closest court adviser, Thomas Egerton as Lord Chancellor and Thomas Sackville as Lord Treasurer. In fact, in 1603, during his first year of the reign of King James, Jesuit Provincial (General) Henry Garnett S.J. arranged a fake plot allegedly by several Franciscan Catholic priests to kidnap the King. The pretext of this fake plot enabled the uncovering of a real plot against James through protestant nobles including Henry Brooke, George Brooke and Sir Walter Raleigh.
As a result of these plots –and to eliminate future protestant unrest– in early 1604, King James ordered the Franciscan Catholic clergy to leave England, except the Jesuits. Meanwhile, the Jesuits through Fr. Henry Garnet S.J. were instrumental in engineering a treaty between Spain and England in the same year (1604)–the claim that protestant nobles Sir Robert Cecil and Henry Howard made this happen an impossible forgery.
Also in 1604, at the urging of the Jesuits, King James convened the Hampton Court Conference at which the King secured the agreement of the English clergy to begin work on an “English” Bible to replace the Bishops’ Bible –based on the English Protestant Geneva Bible –as the official version for readings of the Church of England. Six (6) committees called companies were established for the task, the 1st Westminister Company, 1st Cambridge Company, 1st Oxford Company, 2nd Oxford Company, 2nd Westminister Company and 2nd Cambridge Company–with Oxford a traditional Catholic stronghold being granted the most important elements including Gospels, Acts and Book of Revelation.
However, not all Protestant nobles were convinced of the genuine “pro-Protestant” nature of the King–most notably the Parliament. An early goal of James was to establish a rival “Union of Crowns Corporation” (or simply “the Union”) to the “Crown of Aragon Corporation” by uniting the crowns of England, Ireland and Scotland under one union, one set of laws and one monarch under the legal control of the “sea” (see or Holy See).
Originally Parliament was set to open in 1604, but was delayed until 1605 at which time the Jesuits swung into action a false plan to kill all the major Protestant nobles in one foul act through the destruction of Parliament. The plan was to sacrifice several Catholic nobles as stooges involved in the plot and for it to be uncovered just before its execution–rallying the nobles behind James and his goal of the “Union of Crowns”.
The plan worked with one exception. Sir Robert Cecil predictably “foiled” the Gunpowder Plot and several Catholic nobles were found and brutally executed. But Jesuit Provincial General Fr. Henry Garnet S.J. was also implicated and executed.
Upon the execution of the Jesuit Provincial by King James, enough Protestants nobles had the “proof” they wanted, and dropped their objection to the “Union of Crowns”. Thus in 1605 King James proclaimed himself “King of Great Britain”.
Most importantly, because so senior a Jesuit was implicated in the alleged plot to “kill the King”, expert lawyer Camillo Borghese Pope Paul V (1605-1621) –guided by Jesuit Superior General Claudio Acquaviva S.J.– sent an official apology as a Letters Patent to the King –recognizing him as King of Great Britain (hence the Union of Crowns Corporation) and assuring him that neither the Papacy, nor the Jesuits approved of the action of Fr. Henry Garnet S.J. and his Catholic co-conspirators. Sadly, the Letters Patent is said to be lost–the first historic official letter recognizing the Union of Crowns as a legitimate corporate entity.
Now with possession of the legal position of the Union of Crowns Corporation (“the Crown” also the “Union”) recognized by the Holy See, King James unleashed several Royal Charters by the corporation including the King’s Men–a playgroup of actors presenting plays allegedly written by William Shakespeare–but actually originating from the Jesuit College of English in Rome.
In April 1606, James granted the Royal Charter of the Virginia Company of London (also known also as the “London Company” and simply “the Company”) for the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America from the 34th parallel (Cape Fear) north to the 41st parallel (in Long Island sound).
In the same year (1606), King James also granted the Royal Charter of the Virginia Company of Plymouth (also known as the “Plymouth Company” and the “Virginia Bay Company”) also with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America but from the 38th parallel (Chesapeake Bay) north to the 45th parallel (Maine). As both companies had territory that deliberately overlapped, their Charters stipulated that neither company could found a settlement within 100 miles (160 km) of an existing settlement of the other company.
The claim that the Virginia companies were named after Elizabeth is an absurd and unsupportable lie as there is overwhelming evidence that James hated Elizabeth for killing his mother. Instead, King James chose the name Virginia in honor of his mother Mary, named after the “Virgin” Mary and in honor of the recognition of the English Crown Corporation by the Holy See. In fact, the claim Elizbeth was known as “the Virgin Queen” is a 19th Century fabrication to hide the obvious etymology of the state of Virginia.
In 1611, the 1st “Authorized” King James Bible was ready and published. Unlike previous Protestant Bibles, the KJB had embedded within its translation the modern theology of the Roman Death Cult –the Vatican and Holy See — including the controversal references to “Virgin” Mary–the patron goddess also known as Cybele of the Vatican.
As historically proven by earlier copies of Greek scriptures from the time of the 1st formation of Christianity under Constantine, no references existed whatsoever for the complex theology of the Roman Death Cult such as the “Virgin” birth. Therefore, it is not possible that the scholarly teams that put together the King James Bible were using early Greek texts, unless they were handed forgeries, or somehow deliberately implanted Vatican doctrine into their text.
For all the skill and brilliant maneuvres of the King in his early reign, by 1612, James took it upon himself to become more personally involved in the running of his government, including a general disregard for hiding his openly homosexual affections towards young male company.
By 1620, James was happy for his son and heir Charles I to take a more active role in Government. By 1624, James health declined rapidly and he died in 1625, “converting” to Catholicism upon his death bed.
Most Evil Crimes
List of most evil crimes Type Year Crime Of crimes against humanity : (1596) Ulster, Ireland 1000s of Catholics starve in exile after James I seizes Ulster from Roman Church and gives it to Scottish and English Protestants. Of publishing false statements for the purpose of murder and profit : (1597) That King James I of England publishes Daemonologie which becomes official handbook of Scottish witchfinders; it endorses swimming and pricking to find Devil’s mark. Of murder : (1597) 23 women and one man are burned at Aberdeen in one of Scotland’s most notorious witchcraft trials; accused are mainly elderly women. Of murder : (1597) English conjurer and herbalist Edmund Hartley is hanged after court convicts him of causing two children of Leigh, Lancashire, to become “possessed”.