By Jabi’Jah Ariel

Rosh Chodesh – Hebrew: ראש חודש‎; translated Beginning of the Month; literally means Head of the Month, is the name for the first day of every month in the Hebrew calendar.

The Hebrew phrase, rosh chodesh, has been incorrectly translated ‘new moon’ in many modern day bible versions. The literal translation – ‘HEAD (rosh) of the MONTH (chodesh)’ is used in context as meaning ‘a new month’ and we see in the Dead Sea Scrolls this same phrase used throughout the scrolls, which lay out the priestly solar calendar and its feasts.

The word CHODESH (used over 256 times in the Tanach-“Old Testament”) always refers to a solar month and not a lunar or moon of any type.

Numbers 28:10 this is the burnt offering of every Shabbat, besides the continual burnt offering, and its drink offering.

Numbers 28:11 And in the beginning of your months –[Rosh Chodeshim/new year] you shall offer a burnt offering to YAHUAH: two young bulls, and one ram, seven lambs of the first year without spot,

Numbers 28:12 and three tenth parts of flour for a food offering, mixed with oil, for one bull, and two-tenth parts of flour for a food offering, mixed with oil, for one ram;

Numbers 28:13 and a separate tenth part of flour mixed with oil for a food offering to one lamb, for a burnt offering of a sweet savor, a fire offering to YAHUAH.

Numbers 28:14 And their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine to a bull, and the third of a hin to a ram, and a fourth a hin to a lamb. This is the burnt offering of EVERY MONTH throughout the months of the year.

Numbers 28:15 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering to YAHUAH shall be prepared, besides the continual burnt offering and its drink offering. 

Numbers 29:6 besides the burnt offering of the MONTH-[chodesh], and its food offering, and the daily burnt offering, and its food offering, and their drink offerings, according to their ordinance, for a sweet savor, a fire offering to YAHUAH.

1Ch 23:31 And they were to offer all burnt sacrifices to YAHUAH in the Shabbat, in the chodesh (1st of the month), and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded to them, continually before YAHUAH,

1 Samuel 20:5 And David said to Jonathan, Behold, tomorrow is the chodesh, and I should not fail to sit at table with the king. But let me go so that I may hide myself in the field until the third day at evening.

1Samuel 20:27 And it happened on the next day, the second day of the chodesh, David’s place was empty. And Saul said to his son Jonathan, Why does the son of Jesse not come to the meal, neither yesterday nor today?

1Samuel 20:34 and Jonathan rose from the table in fierce anger, and did not eat food on the second day of the chodesh. For he was grieved for David, because his father had put him to shame.

New Month Day is determined and celebrated, as the sun passes 30 degrees or 30 days in the heavens from point A to point B. It is not a New Moon Day, as the moon has been unreliable since the days when its lunation no longer equaled that of the sun.

There is an interesting passage in the book of 3 Baruch (Greek version), about the moon and as to why it lost its timekeeping abilities.

3Baruch 9:1 And when they had withdrawn, night arrived, and with it the chariot of the moon and the stars.

3Baruch 9:2 And I[Baruch] said to the angel of YAHUAH,‎“Teach‎ me ‎what‎ the‎ moon‎ is. Explain how does it depart and where is it going, and what pattern does it travel?”

3Baruch 9:3 And he said to me ”Wait ‎and‎ you‎ will‎ see ‎this ‎shortly”. And on the marrow I saw this also in the form of a woman seated in a wheeled chariot and twenty angels are leading the chariot by means of oxen and the oxen are angels. The form of the moon is like a woman.

3Baruch 9:5 And ‎I‎ Baruch ‎said,‎“Why ‎does ‎it‎ sometimes ‎wax ‎and‎ sometimes‎ wane?”

3Baruch 9:6 And he ‎said‎ to ‎me,‎“Listen‎ Baruch, this which you see was designed by the Supreme Divinity to be beautiful without‎ peer.”

3Baruch 9:7 But when the first-created Adam sinned. Having listened to Satanael, when he covered himself with the serpent, it [the moon] did not hide but shone forth and YAHUAH was angered by it and diminished her and shortened her days. He lay bare its days to affliction.” 

During the transgression of Adam the moon shone brightly upon his sin and for that she lost her ability to keep time with the sun.

In the Tanach almost all references to month use the Hebrew word CHODESH (a set of 30 days of TIME), not the word YARAYACH (yaw-ray’-akh) or‎literally‎“The Moon”‎that‎ YAHUAH‎ made‎ as‎ the‎ earth’s‎ satellite. The word YARAYACH is only used 26 times, all referring to the actual moon itself. This is a correction‎ that‎ needs‎ to ‎be ‎made ‎on‎ ALL‎ OF‎ MAN’S‎ Hebraic‎ calendars.

You may be asking about‎ now… What about Psalm 104:19? Doesn’t it say that the YARAYACH-MOON was made for appointed times/mo’edim? No… Not really!! Recall that there are different kinds of appointed times and ONLY the context can determine which time it appoints.

Psalm 104:19 He appointed the moon-(yaw-ray’-akh) for seasons; the sun knows its going down.

Psalm 104:20 You make darkness, and it is night, in which all the beasts of the forest creep forth. 

Psalm 104:21 The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their food from Eloah.

When Psalm 104:19 is read in context with verses 21 and 22 it speaks of the mo’ed of the night or darkness, as beasts in the forest look for prey in the APPOINTED MO’EDIM-SEASONS of night-darkness.

Psalm 104:21, is a continuation of that theme and then it shifts to verse 22 where the mo’edim- appointed times of light are regulated by the sun. 

Psalm 104:22 The sun rises; they are gathered, and go to their dens to lie down.

This is not a reference to the moon itself regulating annual weekly Shabbats or annual feasts. This was a major error in assumption that resulted in a text taken out of its intended context. 

Also, what of Genesis 1: 14-17? Where it is assumed that the moon and sun determine the seasons or mo’edim?

Genesis 1:14 And Eloah said, Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to divide between the day and the night. And let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years.

Genesis 1:15 And let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth. And it was so.

Genesis 1:16 And Eloah made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day and the smaller light to rule the night, He made the stars also.

Genesis 1:17 And Eloah set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth,

ALL words written in italics throughout the King James Scriptures were ADDED to the original text, translated by Scribes, supposedly to make it more understandable to modern man. Instead it was meant to HIDE the true meaning. 

If you read it without the italic non inspired additions, removing the words he made, and also- it literally reads like this:

THE LESSER LIGHT TO RULE THE NIGHT-THE STARS (not the Moon) to rule the night.

The Moon is NOT A GENERATOR of LIGHT but a reflector. In totality the stars are ECHAD, the LESSER LIGHT that RULE the night. The moon is unreliable and out of sync by 10 days a year or 30 days every 3 years. It cannot rule when it is missing or ABSENT throughout the month during the night!

“Let ‎them ‎be ‎for ‎signs‎ and‎ for ‎seasons‎ and‎ for‎ days‎ and‎ for‎ Years” (Gen 1:14) Notice that Scripture‎ does‎ not‎ say ‎for‎ “Months‎ or‎ New‎ Moons.”

Enoch 74:12 moon falls behind the sun and stars to the number of 30 days. And the SUN and the STARS BRING IN ALL THE YEARS EXACTLY, so that they do not advance or delay their position by a single day unto eternity; but complete the years with perfect justice in 364 days.

The lunar-solar calendar requires a 13th month to be added about every three years to keep the spring months in the spring. The problem is that SCRIPTURE DOES NOT SUPPORT A 13TH MONTH. Additionally, the lunar months would oscillate between 29 & 30 days. Scripture also do not support a 29 day month.

Finally, the feasts have agricultural offerings, which would require certain crops to be at maturity at a certain time frame. If the month comes early that year, so that the crop is not ready, or the crop comes late, so that the crop has fallen to the ground (because the crop cannot be harvested until the first fruits offerings are made), the offering would not be able to be made. Agriculture follows the solar cues, not the lunar cues.

Jericho- Story of the Moon

Jericho was the Crescent City, the moon city. In the Strong’s Concordance Jericho is defined ‎H3391 ‎“a‎lunation”‎ and ‎H3394‎ “Yerach- the‎ moon.


Because Jericho was a center for moon worship, the first thing YAHUAH had Israel do was to destroy the pagan moon worship system and at the same time re establish His own Priestly calendar and Shabbat.

Joshua 4:13 About forty thousand prepared for war passed over before YAHUAH unto battle, to the plains of Jericho.

Joshua 6:2 And YAHUAH said unto Joshua, See, I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the mighty men of valor. 

Joshua 6:26 And Joshua charged them at that time, saying, Cursed before YAHUAH is the man who rises up and builds this city of Jericho. He shall lay the foundation of it in his first-born, and in his youngest son he shall set up the gates of it. 

The battle of Jericho is more about the Calendar of Heaven than it is about the conquest of Israel. A man is cursed before YAHUAH who rebuilds this system of following the moon- Think ‎not?‎Let’s‎ look ‎at‎ the‎ words.

Builds- Banah- repair; set up 

City- ayar- from the root ur- through the idea of opening the eyes; awake self; lift up self, raise (up), stir up (self). A primitive root; to (be) bare: – be made naked. UNCOVERED

Jericho- City of Moon- From an unused root of uncertain signification; a lunation, moon 

YAHUAH will curse and remove His covering over any who repairs and rebuilds the system based on the moon, as this lifts up SELF!

Book of Jubilees 2:8-11 it expressly states:

These four great works YAHUAH created on the 3rd day. And on the 4th day He created the sun and the moon and the stars, and set them in the firmament of the heaven, to give light upon all the earth, and to rule over the day and the night, and divide the light from the darkness. And YAHUAH APPOINTED THE SUN to be a GREAT SIGN on the earth FOR DAYS and for SHABBATS and for MONTHS and for FEASTS and for YEARS and for the Shabbat of years (Shmetah) and for the jubilees and for all seasons of the years. And it divides the light from the darkness [and] for prosperity, that all things may prosper which shoot and grow on the earth. These three kinds He made on the 4th day.


Priestly Calendar of Melchizedek

Genesis 7:11 In ‎the ‎six‎hundredth‎ year ‎of‎ Noah’s ‎life,‎ in ‎the‎ second‎ month,‎ on‎ the ‎seventeenth‎ day‎ of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened.

Genesis 7:24 The water prevailed upon the earth one hundred and fifty days.

Genesis 8:3 and the water receded steadily from the earth, and at the end of one hundred and fifty days the water decreased. In the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat.

There are five months from the 2nd to 7th month, 150 days = 30 days per month minimum. The Dead Sea Calendar as recorded in the Book of Enoch has one month with 31 days at each quarter, the days of equinoxes & solstices. 

Enoch 75- And the leaders of the heads of the thousands, who are placed over the whole creation and over all the stars, have also to do with the four intercalary days, being inseparable from their office, according to the reckoning of the year, and these render service on the four days which are not reckoned in the reckoning of the year. And owing to them men go wrong therein, for those luminaries truly render service on the world-stations, one in the first portal, one in the third portal of the heaven, one in the fourth portal, and one in the sixth portal, and The Exactness Of The Year Is Accomplished Through Its Separate Three Hundred And Sixty-Four Stations.

Enoch 82- Blessed are all the righteous, blessed are all those who walk in the way of righteousness and sin not as the sinners, in the reckoning of all their days in which the sun traverses the heaven, entering into and departing from the portals for thirty days with the heads of thousands of the order of the stars, together with the four which are intercalated which divide the four portions of the year, which lead them and enter with them four days. Owing to them men shall be at fault and not reckon them in the whole reckoning of the year: yea, men shall be at fault, and not recognize them accurately. For they belong to the reckoning of the year and are truly recorded (thereon) forever, one in the first portal and one in the third, and one in the fourth and one in the sixth, and the year is completed in three hundred and sixty-four days. And the account thereof is accurate and the recorded reckoning thereof exact; for the luminaries, and months and festivals, and years and days, has Uriel shown and revealed to me, to whom YAHUAH of the whole creation of the world hath subjected the host of heaven. And he has power over night and day in the heaven to cause the light to give light to men -sun, moon, and stars, and all the powers of the heaven which revolve in their circular chariots. And these are the orders of the stars, which set in their places, and in their seasons and festivals and months.

The times of YAHUAH must be fixed and can be fixed only by the 12 stations/windows of the sun and stars that remain precise.

TODAY the true calendar is maintained by calendar watcher ARCHANGELS and they do not allow men to understand‎ it‎ without‎ the‎ keys‎ of‎ Enoch’s priestly ministry. This is the calendar of perfect integrity and precision and is not Roman, Jewish, Essene or even Solar-Lunar. It is the PRIESTLY calendar Melchizedek, kept and recorded on tablets in heaven and revealed to‎ men‎ IN‎ SIMPLICITY,‎ as ‎compared ‎to‎ men’s‎ opinions.

The most important of these four archangels serves YAHUAH in the OFFICE OF YEARLY RECONCILIATION, making sure intercalation takes place yearly,‎ so ‎earth’s‎ seasons‎ can ‎line‎up‎ with‎ the‎ heavens.‎ These‎ 4 Watchers, also make sure that the year is divided into 4 parts (13 weeks-91 days per quarter) with 12 perfect months; never a 13th month!

The heavenly calendar will be released fully into our trust after the Great Tribulation and in the Millennium it seems. Until then, we must rely on the one that YAHUAH appointed to teach our patriarchs and us; the kohen-priest over our patriarchs-ENOCH!

Exodus 12:2 This month is to you the beginning of months. It is to you the first among the months of the year.

This is the very first commandment given to the nation as a whole, an indication that the concept of Rosh Chodesh is very meaningful.

Moreover, a thousand years later in Israel, during the period of Syrian-Greek persecution, the Rosh Chodesh was one of only three commandments whose observance the oppressors prohibited. The other two forbidden commandments were the Shabbat and circumcision; that the Rosh Chodesh was on a plane with those central observances is an ample indication of its great significance.

The Rosh Chodesh is neither a weekly Shabbat, a 6 day work day, nor is it an annual Feast Day with the exception of Yom Teruah. No, it is a day unto itself.

Doing YAHUAH’s‎ Work:

Exodus 40:1 And YAHUAH spoke to Moshe, saying,

Exodus 40:2 You shall set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation on the first day of the first month.

Exodus 40:3 And you shall put the ark of the testimony in it, and you shall cover the ark with the veil…

Exodus 40:12 And you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and wash them with water.

Exodus 40:13 And you shall put the holy garments on Aaron, and anoint him and sanctify him, so that he may minister to Me in the priest’s office.

Exodus 40:14 And you shall bring his sons and clothe them with tunics.

Exodus 40:15 And you shall anoint them, even as you anointed their father, so that they may minister to Me in the priest’s office. For their anointing shall surely be an everlasting priesthood for their generations.

Exodus 40:16 And Moshe did so. According to all that YAHUAH commanded him, so he did. 

Exodus 40:17 And it was in the first month in the second year, on the first of the month, the tabernacle was reared up.

The tabernacle was constructed on the first day of the first month, thus allowing for YAHUAH’s‎ work ‎to‎ be done on this day- This is also the day that YAHUAH set up Aaron and his sons as priest. It is significant that YAHUAH chose not only the Rosh Chodesh- But ‎this‎ was ‎also‎ Rosh ‎Ha’Shanah ‎the ‎Beginning of the Year, to manifest such a monumental occasion.


On the first day of the first month the Levites began to sanctify the temple during the reign of King Hezekiah to cleanse it of the filth of Ahaz and to once again do the work of YAHUAH.

2Ch 29:16 And the priests went into the inner part of the house of YAHUAH to clean it. And they brought out all the uncleanness that they found in the temple of YAHUAH into the court of the house of YAHUAH. And the Levites took it out to the torrent Kidron.

2Ch 29:17 And they began to sanctify on the first of the first month. And on the eighth day of the month they came to the porch of YAHUAH. And they made the house of YAHUAH pure in eight days, and in the sixteenth day of the first month they made an end.

2Ch 29:18 And they went in to Hezekiah the king and said, We have cleaned all the house of YAHUAH, and the altar of burnt offering, with all its vessels, and the showbread table, and all its vessels.

2Ch 29:19 And we have prepared and sanctified all the vessels which King Ahaz in his reign cast away in his sin. And behold, they are before the altar of YAHUAH.

YAHUAH told Ezekiel to sanctify the temple on Rosh Chodesh- Rosh‎ Ha’Shanah.

Ezekiel 45:18 So says YAHUAH Eloah: In the first month, in the first of the month, you shall take a bull without blemish, a son of the herd, and cleanse the sanctuary.


Scripture teaches us that each new Chodesh is more than simply the beginning of the new month. When describing the Rosh Chodesh offering in the Book of Numbers, the Torah says:

Numbers 28:11 And IN THE BEGINNING OF YOUR MONTHS you shall offer a burnt offering to YAHUAH: two young bulls, and one ram, seven lambs of the first year without spot,

Numbers 28:12 and three tenth parts of flour for a food offering, mixed with oil, for one bull, and two-tenth parts of flour for a food offering, mixed with oil, for one ram;

Numbers 28:13 and a separate tenth part of flour mixed with oil for a food offering to one lamb, for a burnt offering of a sweet savor, a fire offering to YAHUAH.

Numbers 28:14 And their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine to a bull, and the third of a hin to a ram, and a fourth a hin to a lamb. This is the burnt offering of every month throughout the months of the year.

Numbers 28:15 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering to YAHUAH shall be prepared, besides the continual burnt offering and its drink offering. 

The special sacrifices of Rosh Chodesh not only signify the importance of observing this day as separate unto itself- it is also a monthly atonement for the sins done unknowingly but are now known. Whereas Yom‎ Ha’Kippurim is atonement for sins done both unknowingly and knowingly.

Leviticus 4:22 When a ruler has sinned and through ignorance has acted against one of the commands of YAHUAH his Eloah, which is not to be done, and is guilty;

Leviticus 4:23 or if his sin which he has sinned shall be made known to him, he shall bring his offering, a kid of the goats, a male without blemish.

Leviticus 4:24 And he shall lay his hand on the head of the goat and kill it in the place where he kills the burnt offering before YAHUAH. It is a sin offering.

Ezekiel also tells us that the sacrifices on the Rosh Chodesh were greater in number than those of the weekly Shabbat

Ezekiel 46:4 And the burnt offering that the prince shall offer unto YAHUAH in the Shabbat day shall be six lambs without blemish, and a ram without blemish.

Ezekiel 46:6 And in the day of the CHODESH it shall be a young bullock without blemish, and six lambs, and a ram: they shall be without blemish

Hearing YAHUAH:

Numbers begins by stating that YAHUAH spoke to Moshe on the first day of the second month. This suggests that the Torah is reflecting the idea that Chodesh was a day of learning. It was the day that YAHUAH communicated HIS message to Moshe. Moshe, in turn, gathered the Israelites, who were celebrating the Chodesh, and Moshe taught them what he heard from YAHUAH.

Numbers 1:1 And YAHUAH spoke to Moshe in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying…

This is supported by Deuteronomy 1, which also reports that Moshe informed the Israelites on the first day of the eleventh month what he heard from YAHUAH.

Deuteronomy 1:3 And it happened, in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first of the month, Moshe spoke to the sons of Israel according to all that YAHUAH had commanded him concerning them;

Deuteronomy 1:4 after he had smitten Sihon the king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth in Edrei,

Deuteronomy 1:5 beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, Moshe began to explain this Law, saying…‎

Also the prophet Ezekiel spoke to the people on four occasions on Chodesh:

Ezekiel 26:1 And it happened in the eleventh year, on the first of the month, the Word of YAHUAH came to me, saying,

Ezekiel 26:15 So says YAHUAH to Tyre: Shall not the coastlands shake at the sound of your fall, when the slain groan, when the slaughter is made in your midst?

Ezekiel 27:1 The Word of YAHUAH came to me, saying,

Ezekiel 27:2 And you, son of man, take up a mourning for Tyre.

Ezekiel 27:3 And say to Tyre, O you who are placed at the entrance of the sea, a merchant of the peoples for many coastlands, so says YAHUAH Eloah: O Tyre, you have ‎said, ‎I‎ am ‎of‎ perfect ‎beauty…

Ezekiel 29:17 And it happened in the twenty-seventh year, in the first month, on the first of the month, the Word of YAHUAH came to me, saying,

Ezekiel 30:2 Son of man, prophesy and say, So says YAHUAH: Howl, Woe is the day!

Ezekiel 31:1 And it happened in the eleventh year, in the third month, on the first of the month, the Word of YAHUAH came to me, saying,

Ezekiel 31:2 Son of man, speak to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his multitude: To whom are you like in your greatness?

Ezekiel 32:1 And it happened in the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, on the first of the month, the Word of YAHUAH came to me, saying,

Ezekiel 32:2 Son of man, take up a lament for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say to him, You were like a young lion of the nations, but you were like a sea-monster. And you came out with your rivers, and troubled the waters with your feet, and fouled their rivers.

Also in II Kings 4 we read that the Israelites traveled to prophets on Chodesh to hear YAHUAH’s‎ words. 

2 Kings 4:17 And the woman conceived and bore a son at that time that Elisha had said to her, according to the time of life.

2 Kings 4:18 And the boy grew, and the day came that he went out to his father to the reapers. 

2 Kings 4:19 And he said to his father, My head, my head! And he said to a lad, Carry him to his mother.

2 Kings 4:20 And he carried him and brought him to his mother. And he sat on her knees until noon and died.

2 Kings 4:21 And she went up and laid him on the bed of the man of Eloah, and shut the door on him and went out.

2 Kings 4:22 And she called to her husband and said, Please send me one of the young men and one of the asses so that I may run to the man of Eloah and come again.

2 Kings 4:23 And he said, “Why will you go to him today? It is neither Rosh Chodesh nor Shabbat.” And she said, “It is well.”

We can see that the Rosh Chodesh and the Shabbat are being referred to as similar days, but NOT THE SAME; her husband said why will you go to him today? The people assembled in the synagogues across Israel to hear the Torah read on the Shabbat days. They would also inquire of the prophets, as they had ceased from their normal labors to do that.

Special Assembly:

Ezekiel 46:1 This says YAHUAH: The gate of the inner courtyard that looks toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Shabbat it shall be opened, and in the day of the Rosh Chodesh it shall be opened [for assembly and worship].

Ezekiel 46:3 Likewise the people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before YAHUAH in the Shabbats and in the Rosh Chodeshim (New Months).

Isaiah 66:23 And it will be, from one Rosh Chodesh to another, and from one Shabbat to another, all flesh will come to worship before Me, says YAHUAH.

Rosh Chodesh was celebrated at the place dedicated to YAHUAH where people gathered to worship. Originally this was the Tabernacle, and then the Temple. Today we gather with fellow believers or if we find ourselves alone, spend the day with Eloah in gladness and cheer. It is a celebration!

2 Chronicles 2:4 Behold, I am building a house to the name of YAHUAH my Eloah, to dedicate it to Him, and to burn before Him sweet incense, and for the continual showbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the Shabbats, and on the Rosh Chodesh, and on the Solemn Feasts of YAHUAH our Eloah. This is an ordinance forever to Israel. 

No Work/Commerce:

Amos 8:5 Saying, When will the Rosh Chodesh be gone, that we may sell our corn? And the Shabbat, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel large, and falsifying the‎ balances‎ by‎ deceit?”

When will the Rosh Chodesh be gone? They kept their festivals, though weary and impatient for their close. They kept Shabbat and festival with their bodies, not with their minds.‎ The‎ Psalmist‎ said,‎ “When‎ shall I come to appear before the presence of YAHUAH?” ‎(Psa 42:2). These said, perhaps in their hearts only which YAHUAH can read,‎“when‎ will‎ this‎ service ‎be ‎over,‎ that ‎we‎ may‎ be‎ our ‎own‎ masters‎ again?”‎ They loathed the rest of the Shabbat,‎ because ‎they ‎had, ‎to‎rest‎ from‎ their ‎frauds.‎ He ‎instances‎ “the Rosh Chodesh”‎ and‎ “Shabbat,”‎ because‎ these were a regularly, recurring hindrance to their covetousness.

The rich and powerful of the land were the guiltiest of oppression, as well as the foremost in idolatry. They were weary of the restraints of the Shabbat and the Rosh Chodesh, and wished them over, because no common work might be done therein. Five days away each month from being able to make the all mighty dollar. It was too hard to submit to YAHUAH’s way over man’s way.

This is the character of many who are called Believers. The Shabbat day and Shabbat work are a burden to carnal hearts. It will either be profaned or be accounted a dull day. But can we spend our time better than in communion with YAHUAH?

When employed in religious services, they were thinking of marketing. They were weary of holy duties, because their worldly business stood still the while. Those are strangers to YAHUAH, and enemies to themselves, who love market days better than Shabbat days, who would rather be selling corn than worshipping YAHUAH.

S0- if Rosh Chodesh is to fall on a Roman work day should we, the followers of YAHUAH’s‎ Word work on it as a normal work day?

Numbers 10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, you shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings. And THEY SHALL BE TO YOU FOR A MEMORIAL BEFORE YAHUAH. I am YAHUAH your Eloah.

The Rosh Chodesh is as set apart as the weekly Shabbat, or annual feasts, yet in its own special category!

We see from Scripture alone that the Rosh Chodesh never falls on a weekly Shabbat day, or regular 6 day work day. Again there is not one verse in Scripture, where we are allowed by YAHUAH to mix Rosh Chodesh Day with either a weekly Shabbat Day, or a 6 day work week Day. It ‎is ‎a‎ day‎ “like” ‎a‎ weekly‎ Shabbat, but unto itself, where work for laborious pay is forbidden and sacred believers’ assembly is required. 

Observing the Rosh Chodesh is so important to YAHUAH that Hosea teaches how YAHUAH will‎ take‎ away ‎HIS‎ mo’ed‎ – Rosh Chodesh as one of the penalties for not obeying HIS WORD, WORSHIPING IDOLS and RELYING ON THE BEAST GOVERNMENT SYSTEM.

Hosea 2:1 Speak to your brethren, Ammi My People, and to your sister, Ruhamah Being Shown Mercy!

Hosea 2:2 Plead with your mother! Plead! For she is not my wife, and I am not her husband. And I will lift away her harlotry from in front of me, and her adultery from between her breasts; 

Hosea 2:3 Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst. 

Hosea 2:4 And I will not have mercy upon her children; for they be the children of whoredoms. 

Hosea 2:5 For their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink. 

Hosea 2:6 Therefore, behold, I will hedge up thy way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths. 

Hosea 2:7 And she shall follow after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find them: then shall she say, I will go and return to my first husband; for then was it better with me than now. 

Hosea 2:8 For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and multiplied her silver and gold, which they prepared for Baal. 

Hosea 2:9 Therefore will I return, and take away my corn in the time thereof, and my wine in the season thereof, and will recover my wool and my flax given to cover her nakedness. 

Hosea 2:10 And now will I discover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of mine hand. 

Hosea 2:11 I will also cause all her joy to cease, her feast days, her ROSH CHODESH, and her SHABBOT, and ALL HER APPOINTED FEASTS. 

Hosea 2:12 And I will destroy her vines and her fig trees, of which she has said, They are my rewards that my lovers have given me. And I will make them a forest, and the beasts of the field shall eat them.

Hosea 2:13 And I will visit on her the days of the Baals (false appointed times of men), in which she burned incense to them, and she adorned herself with her nose-rings and her jewels, and she went after her lovers and forgot Me, says YAHUAH.

The‎ general‎ truth‎ is‎ expressed,‎ that‎ “whoever forsakes YAH for the world, will be put to shame by YAH before the world itself; and that all the more, the nearer it stood to Him before.”‎In ‎other ‎words – The closer we walk with YAHUAH the more He expects from us in our obedience, thus the greater our punishment when we disobey and blessings when we are obedient.

When YAHUAH’Ss people‎ forsake ‎HIM;‎ when we worship on days that are not HIS appointed times (Sunday church) to the false gods of this world; god, lord, baal, budah, allah- etc. When we celebrate Christ-mas, or a day for the goddess Ishtar/Easter, or worship the Creator under the form of a brute creature as on the day of the golden calf/4th of July- OR, any that YAHUAH has forbidden.

THEN we keep the ‎great ‎“feast-days,”‎ whereby‎He is commemorated for His mercies to our forefathers;‎ the‎“Rosh Chodesh, ”‎whereby‎ the ‎first‎ of‎ every ‎month‎ is given to YAHUAH;‎ “the Shabbat,”‎ whereby we acknowledge YAHUAH as ‎the‎ Creator ‎of‎ all ‎things;‎ and ‎all‎ the‎ other‎ “Solemn Feasts,”‎ whereby we thank YAHUAH for acts of His special providence, or for His annual gifts of nature, and yet condemn ourselves for trusting in false gods for those same gifts, and for associating His creatures with Himself.

But man, even while he disobeys YAHUAH, does not like to part with Him altogether, but will serve Him just enough to soothe his own conscience, or as far as he can without parting with his sin which he loves better.

Jeroboam retained all of YAHUAH’s ‎worship, ‎which‎ he ‎could‎ combine‎ with ‎his ‎own‎ political‎ ends; and even ‎in‎ Ahab’s ‎time ‎Israel‎ “halted between two opinions,”‎ and‎ Judah‎“ sware both by YAHUAH and by Malcham (Molech)”‎the‎ true‎ Eloah and the false.

Zephaniah 1:4 I will also stretch out My hand on Judah and on all those dwelling in Jerusalem. And I will cut off the remnant of Baal from this place, the name of the idol worshipers, with the priests;

Zephaniah 1:5 and those bowing to the host of the heavens on the housetops; and those bowing, swearing to YAHUAH, also swearing by Malcham,

Zephaniah 1:6 and those drawing back from after YAHUAH, and who have not sought YAHUAH, nor asked of Him. 

All this worship is empty, because it is contrary to the will of YAHUAH. Yet since YAHUAH says,‎ “I‎ will‎ take away all her mirth (joy),”‎ we have, what we imagine to be, religious‎ “mirth” ‎in ‎our “feasts,”‎ fulfilling‎ as we allege, the commandment of YAHUAH,‎“Thou‎ shalt ‎rejoice ‎in ‎thy ‎feasts”.‎

Amos 8:10 And I will turn Your FEAST into mourning, and all your songs into weeping; and I will bring up sackcloth on all loins, and baldness on every head. And I will make it like the mourning of an only son, and the end of it like a bitter day.

Amos 8:11 Behold, the days come, says YAHUAH Eloah, that I will send a famine in the land; not a famine of bread nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the Words of YAHUAH. 

YAHUAH’s‎elect could‎ have‎ no ‎real‎ joy,‎ since ‎true ‎joy‎ is‎ “in‎ YAHUAH”. So, in order that the ecclesia might not deceive herself anymore, YAHUAH says that HE will take away that bogus formal service of Himself, which she blended with the real service of idols, and will remove the hollow outward joy, that, through repentance, we might come to the true joy in Him.

Hosea 2:13 “Israel served false gods, so I will punish her. She burned incense to those false gods. She dressed up–she put on her jewelry and nose ring. Then she went to her lovers and forgot me.” This is what YAHUAH has said.

Hosea 2:14 “So I, YAHUAH, will speak romantic words to her. I will lead her into the desert and speak tender words.

Hosea 2:15 There I will give her vineyards. I will give her the Valley of Achor (trouble) as a doorway of hope. Then she will answer as she did when she came out of the land of Egypt.”

Hosea 2:16 This is what YAHUAH says. “At that time you will call me ‘My husband’. You will not call me ‘My Baal’.

Hosea 2:17 I will take the names of those false gods out of her mouth. Then people will not use those names again.

Hosea 2:18 “At that time I will make an agreement for the Israelites with the animals of the field, the birds of the sky, and the crawling things on the ground. I will break the bow, the sword, and the weapons of war in that land. I will make the land safe, so the people of Israel can lie down in peace.

Hosea 2:19 And I will make you my bride forever. I will make you my bride with goodness and justice and with love and mercy.

Hosea 2:20 I will make you my faithful bride. Then you will really know YAHUAH.

Hosea 2:21 And at that time I will answer.” This is what YAHUAH says. “I will speak to the skies, and they will give rain to the earth.

Hosea 2:22 The earth will produce grain, wine, and oil, and they will meet Jezreel’s needs. 

Hosea 2:23 I will sow her many seeds on her land. To Lo-Ruhamah, I will show mercy. To Lo-Ammi, I will say, ‘You are my people.’ And they will say to me, ‘You are our Eloah.'”

For ages people kept YAHUAH’s ‎covenant. But, eventually they chose to rebel and disobey and lost the joy of the Creators true celebrations. And with each restoration, the Rosh Chodesh became part of that restoration; as in the times of Ezra and Nehemiah.

Each time that one of YAHUAH’s ‎servants ‎restored Israel to the way of YAHUAH, it included observing the Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh, and Holy Days as Eloah instructed.

Ezra 3:1 And when the seventh month was come, and the children of Israel were in the cities, the people gathered themselves together as one man to Jerusalem.

Ezra 3:2 Then stood up Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brethren the priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and his brethren, and built the altar of the Eloah of Israel, to offer burnt offerings thereon, as it is written in the law of Moses the man of YAHUAH.

Ezra 3:3 And they set the altar upon his bases; for fear was upon them because of the people of those countries: and they offered burnt offerings thereon unto YAHUAH, even burnt offerings morning and evening.

Ezra 3:4 They kept also the feast of tabernacles, as it is written, and offered the daily burnt offerings by number, according to the custom, as the duty of every day required;

Ezra 3:5 And afterward offered the continual burnt offering, both of ROSH CHODESH and of all the MO’ED of YAHUAH that were consecrated, and of every one that willingly offered a freewill offering unto YAHUAH.

Nehemiah 10:29 They were united with their brothers, their rulers, and put themselves under a curse and an oath, ‎to ‎keep ‎their ‎steps ‎in ‎the ‎way‎ of‎ Eloah’s‎ covenant, which was given by Moses, the servant of Eloah, and to keep and do all the orders of YAHUAH, our Eloah, and HIS decisions and HIS rules;

Nehemiah 10:30 And that we would not give our daughters to the peoples of the lands, or take their daughters for our sons;

Nehemiah 10:31 And if the peoples of the lands come to do trade in goods or food on the Shabbat day, that we would do no trade with them on the Shabbat or on a holy day: and that in the seventh (Sabbatical) year we would take no payment from any debtor. 

Nehemiah 10:32 And we made rules for ourselves, taxing ourselves a third of a shekel every year for the upkeep of the house of our Eloah;

Nehemiah 10:33 For the holy bread, and for the regular meal offering and the regular burned offering on the Shabbat and at the ROSH CHODESH and the fixed MO’ED and for the sin-offerings to take away the sin of Israel, and for all the work of the house of our Eloah.

In the Brit Chadasha, Apostolic Believers who remained true to THE Word, continued to honor the Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh days as well as observe Feast days.

Colossians 2:16 Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a Rosh Chodesh celebration or a Shabbat day

1Corinthians 5:8 So let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with leaven of malice and of evil, but with unleavened bread of sincerity and truth

The Restoration of YAHUAH’s Calendar in the Wilderness Place

While Isaiah was given the prophecy concerning YAHUAH’s‎ rejection of the incorrect Chodesh (i.e.; new moon observance), Festivals (Easter, Christmas), Shabbats (Sunday), and assemblies… 

Isaiah also prophesied that the CALENDAR would be RESTORED AND PURIFIED IN THE LAST DAYS when the remnant is in the wilderness just prior to them being returned to Zion.

This is written in Isaiah 35 which lays out the context – the wilderness and solitary place…

Isaiah 35:1 The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose.

It is a future, prophetic time, when the ransomed of YAHUAH shall go into the wilderness before they will‎ come ‎to‎ Zion ‎with ‎songs‎ and‎ everlasting‎ joy…‎‎ This‎ is‎ the ‎end ‎of ‎the‎ 6th day and is the time we now are beginning to see ahead of us.

Isaiah prophesies the restoration of the true biblical calendar, which is free from all unclean Nicolaitan influence.

Isaiah 35: 8 And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called The way of set- apartness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for those: the wayfaring men (wayfaring uses the stars to guide in the correct direction), though fools, shall not err in it.

Surely this includes the covering of the blood of Messiah, the Name of YAHUAH and obedience to commandments of Moses, amongst other provision of the Covenant of YAHUAH – but at the heart of the Way of Set-Apartness is the restoration of YAHUAH’s‎ Divine‎ calendar – that will be hidden from all who would follow religion- and revealed but to the remnant – since only the remnant will be brought under the rod and into His Covenant of Peace.

Ezekiel 20: 37 And I will cause you to pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant.

It is probable, given the way that YAHUAH has previously used global cataclysm to change the days of the year that this too might happen again during the time of the second exodus. The precedent is in the Word of YAHUAH.

It becomes important therefore,‎ as‎ we ‎are‎ about‎ to ‎enter‎ the ‎prophesied‎ “wilderness”‎ place,‎ that ‎the‎ remnant who are redeemed by YAHUSHA, consider these matters prayerfully and examine the scriptures to see if they be so, and to leave ‎the‎re legion‎ of‎ the‎“strange‎ children” ‎fully‎ behind. 

Acts 3:17 And now, brethren, I wot that through ignorance ye did it, as did also your rulers.

Acts 3:18 But those things, which Eloah before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Messiah should suffer, he hath so fulfilled. 

Acts 3:19 Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of YAHUAH; 

Acts 3:20 And he shall send YAHUSHA, which before was preached unto you:

Acts 3:21 Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which YAHUAH hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began.

Acts 3:22 For Moses truly said to the fathers, “YAHUAH your Eloah shall raise up a Prophet to you from your brothers, One like me. You shall hear Him in all things, whatever He may say to you.

Acts 3:23 And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people.

Acts 3:24 Yea, and all the prophets from Samuel and those that follow after, as many as have spoken, have likewise foretold of these days.

Acts 3:25 Ye are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which YAHUAH made with our fathers, saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed.

Acts 3:26 Unto you first YAHUAH, having raised up HIS Son YAHUSHA, sent Him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from his iniquities. 

Satan, in his efforts to seize YAHUAH’s authority has not only thought to change times and laws – he has done it. He has masterfully diverted the attention of all those who sincerely desire to keep the true Shabbat and mo’edim/appointed times to following day contrived of men.

Outlawing YAHUAH’s calendar and substituting a pagan calendar in its place is a monumental change. Deceiving YAHUAH’s people into worshiping on a false day, while thinking that they are keeping holy the true Shabbat, is a diabolical deception. Therefore, it would be reasonable to expect YAHUAH to give a warning in the Scriptures of such a significant, crucial event.

YAHUSHA Himself referred to this calendar change. His warning against this masterpiece of deception is given almost word-for-word in both Matthew and Mark:

Matthew 24:15, 16 – “When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth let him understand:) then let them which be in Judea flee into the mountains.”

Mark 13:14 – “But when he shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judea flee to the mountains.”

This battle over worship will continue to grow and spread. Every person must make a decision to worship YAHUAH on His true Shabbat days, as a sign of loyalty to Him. To secure material security, they will accept a counterfeit HOLY DAYS.

Many, though, will be chosen to stand steadfast and loyal to their Creator, worshiping Him on the day which His calendar in the sky dictates. The controversy will escalate until it reaches the point warned about in Revelation 16:13, 14 & 16:

And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world to gather them to the battle of that great day of YAHUAH Saboath . . . And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Har-mageddon.


About the author

Gera'el Toma

A highly esteemed elder in the faith of the Natsarim, the first century believers in Messiah Yahusha, and a treasured member of the Remnant House Team.

Gera'el Toma (Gerald Thomas) is an internationally recognized and respected teacher of the Holy Scriptures as originally written in the Hebrew language.

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By Gera'el Toma

Gera'el Toma

A highly esteemed elder in the faith of the Natsarim, the first century believers in Messiah Yahusha, and a treasured member of the Remnant House Team.

Gera'el Toma (Gerald Thomas) is an internationally recognized and respected teacher of the Holy Scriptures as originally written in the Hebrew language.

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